Tuesday, October 11, 2011

History of Browser dan World Wide Web (WWW)

WWW or World Wide Web. Is a word not foreign to our ears hear. Especially for people who frequently use the Internet for their communications services. For example e-mail, and other friendship sites.
Inventors website is Sir Timothy John ¨ ¨ Tim Berners-Lee, while the website which is connected to the network, first appeared in 1991. Web history began at the European Laboratory for Particle Physics, or better known as CERN is the abbreviation of the french language, (the European Organization for Nuclear Research). CERN is an organization founded by 18 countries in Europe more precisely, in the city of Geneva, near the border of France and Switzerland. In March 1989, the intent of Tim Berners and other researchers from CERN when creating a website is to facilitate the exchange and update information to fellow researchers at the place he works. On 30 April 1993, CERN (the place where the team works) to inform you that the WWW can be used for free by everyone.

A website could be the work of an individual or individuals, or show ownership of an organization, company, and usually a website that shows some specific topics, or particular interests. A website can contain hyperlinks (links) that connect to any other website, so, sometimes the difference between websites created by individuals with personal websites created by the business organization may not be obvious.
Websites are written in, or dynamically converted to HTML and accessed through a software program called a Web browser, also known as an HTTP client. The web page can be viewed or accessed via a computer network and Internet enabled devices may be personal computers, laptops, PDAs and mobile phones.
A website created in a computer system known as a web server, also called HTTP Server, and this sense can also refer to the software used to run this system, which then receives and sends the pages required to respond to requests from users. Apache is the software that is commonly used in a webserver, then after that is the Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS).


Browser history

First webbrowser based on text. To suggest a link, created a line of numbers similar to a menu. Users type a number to navigate the Web. Most software is made for computers that use UNIX Operating System, and not much can be done by computer users when it is already using Windows., Like Lynx, Lynx great grandfather of all web browsers available today. Is the brainchild of the people at the University of Kansas, Lynx became available to the public in 1993, around the same time as Mosiac browser and Cello was released. popular until now, because it is a system with a graphical interface has not been commonly used at that time. Only after the graphics-based systems began to widely used, a student named in the month of May 1993, Marc Andressen and some students at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States, making a Web browser for X-Windows system-based graphics and an easy to use . The first graphics-based Web that runs on Windows and UNIX operating systems (Motif based). The web browser named Mosaic Within a few months, Mosaic has attracted attention both from users of old and new users on the Internet. Then NCSA Mosaic developed other versions for UNIX-based computers, NeXT, Windows and Macintosh.
In 1994, after graduating from university, Marc leave NCSA as offered by Jim Clarc, one of the bigwigs of Silicon Graphics Incorporated (SGI), to create a company with the name Mosaic Communications, which later became Netscape Communications. Marc makes a first popular web browser used by the public, called Netscape Navigator. At the time of its development, the Navigator has the code name Mozilla. Navigator is a commercial web browser, but over time eventually Navigator can also be obtained free of charge. Meanwhile, a free web browser Mosaic which is not forwarded anymore its development, and submitted to the NCSA (National Computing for Supercomputer Applications). Since NCSA does not have permission to commercialize products Mosaic, NCSA Mosaic to Spyglass finally sold, which ultimately makes the Mosaic browser commercially. Microsoft, which fell late in the web browser market, even buy a license from Spyglass Mosaic, so in the end product released its web browser, called Internet Explorer. With the release of Internet Explorer, there arose a great war between the popular web browser, ie, between Netscape Navigator and Microsoft Internet Explorer. In early development, when the browser is still based on the text there are only about 50 websites. In late 1995 this number had grown to achieve approximately 300,000 web sites. And the estimated current Web users have jumalh achieve the approximately 30-million users across the world.

Various kinds of web sites
 A static website, is one form of content within the website that the website is not intended to be updated periodically, and usually is maintained manually by a few people who use the software editor. There are three broad categories of editor software used for this purpose, they are:
Elements of a text editor. Such as Notepad or TextEdit, where the HTML is manipulated directly within the editor program.Element 2 WYSIWYG editor. Such as Microsoft FrontPage and Macromedia Dreamweaver, where the site is edited using a GUI (Graphical User Interface) and HTML format is generated automatically by the editor.Element 3 editors who already has a template, such as Rapidweaver and iWeb, which, this editor allows the user to create and update the website directly to the web server quickly, without having to know anything about HTML. They can choose the template that suits their desire, add an image or object, fill it with writing, and with a flash they can make web sites without having to see any HTML code.
A dynamic website is one that has frequently changing information or this website interacts with the user in various ways or methods (HTTP cookies or database variables, previous history, session variables etc.) can also by direct interaction form and movement of the mouse. When a web server receives a request from the user for a given page, the page will be automatically retrieved from the storage media in response to the demand requested by the user. A site can display an ongoing dialogue between users, monitor a changing situation, or provide information relating to the individual user.
Plugins are available to expand the features and capabilities of web browsers, which is used to open the plugin content which is usually a snapshot of a moving image (active content) such as Flash, Shockwave or applets written in Java. Dynamic HTML also provides for the user so he can be interactive and real-time, updating the web page, usually the changes made them wear the DOM and Javascript are already available on all Web browsers today.

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